Feline herpesvirus (FHV), the agent of feline viral rhinotracheitis, is distributed worldwide. The virus belongs to the order Herpesvirales, family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, genus Varicellovirus.
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Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and the closely related canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) can infect and cause severe disease in cats.
FPV is shed in high titers in the faeces and the very stable virions stay infectious in the environment for months.
FPV is very tolerant against many
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a highly contagious pathogen with a widespread distribution in the feline population.
Feline Coronavirus (FCoV) is the causative agent of the serious disease of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FCoV is a large spherical enveloped virus with a single stranded RNA genome.Being an RNA virus, FCoV has a high level of genetic variation due to frequent errors during RNA replication.
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that is closely related to HIV; however, humans are not susceptible to the cat virus, which occurs in 5 subtypes (clades) worldwide.
Rabies is one of the oldest and most feared diseases of humans and animals – it was recognized in Egypt before 2300 BC and in ancient Greece, where it was well described by Aristotle.
The European Advisory Board for Cat Diseases aims to communicate scientific developments in feline infectious diseases, and therewith, to define a code of practice across Europe.