GUIDELINE for Plague due to Yersinia pestis

The plague is currently endemic in many parts of the world and foci of plague occur in Asia, Africa and the Americas in semiarid areas where flea vectors are active all year round and rodent reservoirs are abundant (Valles et al., 2020).

Currently most of human cases occur in

GUIDELINE for Francisella tularensis infection

This bacterial species was discovered in ground squirrels in Tulare County, California, in 1911. Tularaemia is a potentially fatal zoonosis mostly found in the Northern hemisphere.

GUIDELINE for Mycobacterioses in cats

Mycobacteria are intracellular, acid-fast, slow-growing bacilliform Gram-positive aerobic bacteria, highly resistant to environmental conditions (Greene and Gunn-Moore, 2006; Gunn-Moore, 2010). Mycobacterial taxonomy is complex, and many species can infect cats and cause different clinical presentations.

GUIDELINE for Feline Herpesvirus infection

Feline herpesvirus (FHV), the agent of feline viral rhinotracheitis, is distributed worldwide. The virus belongs to the order Herpesvirales, family Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, genus Varicellovirus.

GUIDELINE for Feline Panleukopenia

Key points

Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and the closely related canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) can infect and cause severe disease in cats.
FPV is shed in high titers in the faeces and the very stable virions stay infectious in the environment for months.
FPV is very tolerant against many

GUIDELINE for Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in cats

Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb) is a primary respiratory pathogen of cats, particularly in high population density conditions such as rescue shelters and multicat households.

Bordetella (B.) pertussis, B. parapertussis and Bb are closely-related Gram-negative coccobacilli that colonise the respiratory tracts of mammals. B.

GUIDELINE for Chlamydia felis

Chlamydia felis is a Gram-negative bacterium that is an obligate intracellular parasite of cats. Chlamydia felis does not survive outside of the host so close contact between cats is required for transmission, usually via ocular discharges. Chlamydiosis typically affects young cats under 9 months of age.

GUIDELINE for Influenza virus infections in cats

Influenza is a highly contagious, acute infection, usually of the upper respiratory tract, and has been detected worldwide in many vertebrate hosts (Krammer et al., 2018). Feline respiratory diseases caused by influenza viruses appear to be rather rare and usually self-limiting;

GUIDELINE for Feline rabies

Rabies is one of the oldest and most feared diseases of humans and animals – it was recognized in Egypt before 2300 BC and in ancient Greece, where it was well described by Aristotle.

GUIDELINE for Feline immunodeficiency virus

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that is closely related to HIV; however, humans are not susceptible to the cat virus, which occurs in 5 subtypes (clades) worldwide.

GUIDELINE for Feline Infectious Peritonitis

Feline Coronavirus (FCoV) is the causative agent of the serious disease of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FCoV is a large spherical enveloped virus with a single stranded RNA genome.Being an RNA virus, FCoV has a high level of genetic variation due to frequent errors during RNA replication.

GUIDELINE for Feline Leukaemia Virus Infection

Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV), a gammaretrovirus of domestic cats, is a member of the Orthoretrovirinae subfamily of retroviruses. It contains a protein core with single-stranded RNA protected by an envelope.

GUIDELINE for Feline calicivirus infection

Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a highly contagious pathogen with a widespread distribution in the feline population.