Fact sheets and ABCD Tools
Fact sheets are two-page abstracts highlighting the main data contained in the ABCD guidelines.They are intended for use by veterinary practitioners for quick and easy reference during vaccination consultations or telephone queries. Each fact sheet (one per pathogen) has two pages and is illustrated to help the veterinarian explain to the cat owner the main points regarding disease prevention and management.
Fact sheets general
Blood transfusion can be lifesaving, but is not entirely without risk.
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are considered the most serious adverse reactions following vaccination. They are invasive sarcomas, mostly fibrosarcomas, and behave more aggressively than tumours not typically associated with injections.
Fact sheets viral
The feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) is a parvovirus, that infects all felids as well as raccoons, mink and foxes.
t is caused by feline caliciviruses (FCV), highly contagious pathogens of the upper respiratory tract, widespread among felids, with the highest prevalence in large groups of cats housed together.
It is caused by feline leukemia virus (FeLV), a retrovirus, which may induce depression of the immune system, anaemia and/or lymphoma.
First isolated in 1986, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is a retrovirus closely related to HIV. Most felids are susceptible to FIV, but humans are not.
Rabies virus, together with the European bat lyssaviruses 1 and 2, belongs to the genus Lyssavirus, family Rhabdoviridae. There is increasing evidence that lyssaviruses can circulate within bat populations without causing disease.
In cats, influenza may be caused by avian H5N1 or human (pandemic) H1N1 influenzaviruses. Additionally, early observations reported subclinical infection of cats after experimental exposure to the human influenza H3N2 virus responsible for seasonal flu.
The cowpox virus is a member of the family Poxviridae with a wide host spectrum including man (zoonosis).
Fact sheets bacterial
Chlamydia felis is a Gram-negative bacterium. The ocular mucosa is the main target tissue, and infection is mostly accompanied by conjunctivitis.
Bartonella spp.are small, vector-transmitted Gram-negative intracellular bacteria. Over 22 species have been described, three of which have the cat as primary reservoir: B. henselae, B. clarridgeiae and B. koehlerae.
Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb) is a gram-negative bacterium that colonises the respiratory tracts of mammals.
Leptospira spp. are mobile bacteria that can infect many mammalian species, including humans. Leptospirosis is considered a zoonotic disease (Weil’s disease in humans).
Mycobacterium spp. infections in cats can be divided in three main groups: tuberculosis complex group (TB complex), feline leprosy syndrome (FLS) and nontuberculous or atypical mycobacteria (NTM).
Fact sheets fungal
Dermatophytosis, a superficial skin disease, is the most common fungal infection in cats. Over 90% of cases are caused by Microsporum canis.
Aspergillosis is caused bysaprophytic Aspergillus spp. fungi that sporadically cause mycoses in birds and mammals.
Cryptococcosis is the most common systemic fungal disease in cats worldwide. It is caused by the C. neoformans-C. gattii species complex which can also infect humans, domestic and wild mammals and birds.
Fact sheets protozoan
Giardia is a protozoal parasite that infects the small intestine of cats and can cause diarrhoea. Giardia can infect a number of hosts including man.
T. gondii is a parasite that can infect virtually all species of warm-blooded animals, including people (zoonosis). Felidae are the definitive hosts. Non-feline species are intermediate hosts.
Leishmania is a zoonotic protozoan parasite, transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies to many vertebrates including humans.
Babesiosis is a vector-borne disease caused by Babesia spp., a common protozoal blood parasite in mammals worldwide.
Fact sheet helminthic
Feline lungworm infestations in cats are often underdiagnosed. Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (Strongylida, Angiostrongylidae) is the most well-known feline lungworm worldwide and is regarded as the most prevalent in domestic cats.
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